Virtues of Nisfu Sha’ban

‏عن‏ ‏عائشة ‏ ‏قالت ‏‏فقدت رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏ليلة فخرجت فإذا هو ‏ ‏بالبقيع ‏ ‏فقال ‏ ‏أكنت تخافين أن يحيف الله عليك ورسوله قلت يا رسول الله إني ظننت أنك أتيت بعض نسائك فقال إن الله عز وجل ينزل ليلة النصف من شعبان إلى السماء الدنيا فيغفر لأكثر من عدد شعر غنم ‏ ‏كلب

Translation: Narrated by Aisha (raa) I missed Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) during the night and found him in al-Baqi’. He said: Were you afraid that Allah and His Messenger would deal unjustly with you? I said: Allah’s Messenger, I thought that you had gone to some of your other wives. He (the Prophet) said: Verily Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, comes down to the heaven of the world in “the middle night of Sha’ban” and forgives sins even more abundant than the hair of the goats of Kalb. [Sunan Tirmidhi Volume 001, Hadith Number 670, Ibn Maja Volume 002, Hadith Number1379]

عن‏ ‏أبي موسى الأشعري ‏عن رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏قال ‏ ‏إن الله ليطلع في ليلة النصف من شعبان فيغفر لجميع خلقه إلا لمشرك أو مشاحن

Translation: Narrated by Abu Musa al-Ash’ari Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, Allah,the Exalted and Glorious looks down on “the middle night of Sha’ban” and forgives all His creation. except a polytheist or one who is mushahin. [Sunan Ibn Maja Volume 002, Hadith Number 1380]

 

عن عبد الله بن عمرو بن العاص أن رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏قال ‏ ‏يطلع الله عز وجل إلى خلقه ليلة النصف من شعبان فيغفر لعباده إلا لاثنين ‏مشاحن ‏وقاتل نفس‏

Translation: Narrated by Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-’As Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, Allah, the Exalted and Glorious looks down on “the middle night of Sha’ban” and forgives all His creation except two people, the mushahin and the murderer. [Musnad Ahmad Volume 003, Hadith Number 6353]

 

عن أبي ثعلبة الخشني، عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: إذا كان ليلة النصف من شعبان، اطلع الله تعالى إلى خلقه، فيغفر للمؤمنين، ويملي للكافرين، ويدع أهل الحقد بحقدهم حتى يدعوه

Translation: It is related by Abu Thalaba that the Blessed Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: On the 15th night of Shabaan, Allah looks over at his creation and forgives all the believers except for the one who begrudges and hates. He leaves them in their enmity. [Bayhqi, Tafsir ad-Dar al-Manthur Under the Verse 44:3]

 

عن معاذ بن جبل، عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: يطلع الله في ليلة النصف من شعبان، فيغفر لجميع خلقه إلا لمشرك أو مشاحن

Translation: It is related by Muaz bin Jabbal that the Blessed Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:Allah looks at His creation in “the night of mid-Sha`ban” and He forgives all His creation. except for a mushrik (idolater) or a mushahin (one bent on hatred). [Ibn Hibban, Sahih, ed. Shu`ayb Arna’ut Volume 012: Hadith Number 5665]

 

عن عائشة قالت: قام رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من الليل يصلي، فأطال السجود حتى ظننت أنه قد قبض، فلما رأيت ذلك، قمت حتى حركت إبهامه، فتحرك، فرجعت، فلما رفع رأسه من السجود وفرغ من صلاته، فقال: ” يا عائشة، أو يا حميراء ظننت أن النبي قد خاس بك ” قلت: لا والله يا نبي الله ولكني ظننت أنك قبضت لطول سجودك فقال: ” أتدرين أي ليلة هذه؟ ” قلت: الله ورسوله أعلم، قال: ” هذه ليلة النصف من شعبان، فيغفر للمستغفرين ويرحم المسترحمين ويؤخر أهل الحقد كما هم

Translation: From A’isha: She said: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) stood up in prayer during part of the night and made his prostration so lengthy that I thought his soul had been taken back. When I saw this I got up and went to move his big toe, whereupon he moved, so I drew back. When he raised his head from prostration and finished praying, he (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “O A’isha, O fair little one (humayra’)! Did you think that the Prophet had broken his agreement with you?” She replied: “No, by Allah, O Messenger of Allah, but I thought that your soul had been taken back because your stayed in prostration for so long.” He said: “Do you know what night this is?” She said: “Allah and His Prophet know best.” He said: “This is the night of mid-Sha`ban! Verily Allah the Glorious and Majestic look at His servants on “the night of mid-Sha`ban, and He forgives those who ask forgiveness, and He bestows mercy on those who ask mercy, and He gives a delay to the people of envy and spite in their state.”

Azhari said:

يقال للرجل إذا غدر بصاحبه فلم يؤته حقه قد خاس به

Concerning his words: “broken his agreement with you”: this is said to a person who betrays his companion and therefore has not given him his due right.

Bayhaqi continues:

وقال هذا مرسل جيد ويحتمل أن يكون العلاء أخذه من مكحول

I say: This hadith is missing the Companion in its chain, and is a “Good Hadith“. [Bayhaqi in Shu`ab al-iman Volume 003: Hadith Number 3835]

 

‏عن ‏ ‏عمران بن حصين ‏ ‏رضي الله عنهما ‏‏أن رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏قال له ‏ ‏أو لآخر ‏ ‏أصمت من ‏ ‏سرر ‏ ‏شعبان قال لا قال فإذا أفطرت فصم يومين

Translation: Imran bin Husain (ra) reported Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) having said to him or to someone else: Did you fast in the “Middle of Sha’ban?” He said: No. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: If you did not observe fast, then you should observe fast for two days. [Muslim Book 006, Number 2607]

*Scholarly Opinion’s*

The virtue of the night of mid shaban has been established from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and has come from multiple channels of transmission from Abdullah bin Amr, Muadh, Abu Hurairah, Abu Thulabah, Awf bin Malik, Abu Bakr, Abu Musa, Aishah May Allah be pleased with all of them, each of the narrations strengthening each other.

Imam Shafi’i write:

و بلغنا أنه كان يقال إن الرعاء يستجاب في خمس في ليال في ليلة جمعة و ليلة الأضحى و ليلة الفطر و اول ليلة من رجب و ليلة النصف من شعبان

Translation: Of the narrations that have reached us, verily, dua is accepted on five nights: the night of Juma’, the night of E’id Al-Adha, the night of E’id Al-Fitr, the first night of Rajab, and the 15th night of Shabaan”. [al-Umm, Volume 001, Page No. 231]

Imam Shurunbulali Hanafi writes:

وندب احياء ليالي العشر الاخبر من رمضان واحياء ليلتي العيدين وليالي عشر زي الحجة وليلة النصف من شعبان

Translation: It is desirable to revive the last ten nights of Ramadan, two nights of Eidain (Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha), ten nights of Zil Hijjah,and the 15th night of Sha`ban. [Noorul Eidhah Page No. 63]

Shaikh Abu-Ishaq Ibrahim Al-Hanbali writes:

ويستحب احيا مابين العشانين الخبر قال جماعة و ليلة عاشورا وليلة اول رجب وليلة نصف شعبان

Translation: It is desirable to revive the time (with salat and ibadah) between the two E’sha’s (Maghrib and E’sha) because of the ahaadith. Many scholars say: Similarly with the night of Ashura, the first night of Rajab, and the 15th night of Sha`ban. [Al-Mubdi Volume 002, Page No. 27]

Sheikh Mansoor Bahoti Hanbali writes:

واما ليلة النصف من شعبان ففيها فضل وكان في السلف من يصلي فيها الاجتماح فيها لا حيانهافي المساجد بدعة اه وفئ استحباب قيامها اي ليلة النصف من شعبان مافئ احياء ليلة العيد

Translation: As for the 15th night of Sha`ban, it is a night of virtue. Some of the salaf prayed the whole night, although establishing congregational prayers (on this night) is good innovation. And the reward of ibadah on “the 15th night of Sha`ban” is the same as the reward of ibadah on the night of E’id. [Kash-shaful Qina, Volume 001: Page No. 444]

Mubarakpuri (Salafi scholar) writes:

‏اعلم أنه قد ورد في فضيلة ليلة النصف من شعبان عدة أحاديث مجموعها يدل على أن لها أصلا

Translation: You should know that a sufficient number of hadith has been narrated confirming “the virtues of the 15th night of Sha`ban“. All these ahaadith prove that it has a basis.

After relating many Ahadith about the importance of this night he says:

فهذه الأحاديث بمجموعها حجة على من زعم أنه لم يثبت في فضيلة ليلة النصف من شعبان شيء والله تعالى أعلم

Translation: The sum of all these ahadith is strong evidence against the one “who thinks there is no proof” of the virtue of the 15th night of Sha`ban” and Allah knows best. [Tuhfatul Ahwadhi Volume 003: Page. 365-367]

Salafi Ibn-Taimiyyah was asked about of the 15th night of Sha’ban. He replied:

اما ليلة النصف روئ فئ فضلهااحاديث واثار ونقل عن طانفتهمن السلف انهم كانوايصلون فيها فصلاة الرجل فيها وحده وقد تقدمه فيه سلف فيه حجته فلا ينكرمثل هزا

Translation: As for the 15th night of Shabaan,there are many narrations and Athar (quotes from the Sahabah) regarding its virtue. It has been reported of the salaf that they prayed in this night. Therefore, praying alone on this night, having precedence in the salaf, is sufficient evidence and something of this kind surely cannot be denied.

At another occasion, Ibn-Taimiyyah was asked the same question and he replied:

وسنل عن صلاة نصف شعبان فاجاب ازا صلئ الانسان ليلة النصف وحده اوفئ جماعته خاصته كما كان يفل جماعته خاصته كما كان يفعل طوانف من السلف فهواحسن

Translation: If one prays on this night alone or in a select company of people as many groups amongst the salaf did, “then it is good“. [Fatawa Ibn Taimiyyah Volume 23, Page 131-132]

Source: SunniNews

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