Saum: Prerequisite

Al Qadi Abi Shuja’ stated there are 4 prerequisite ( شرط ) for Saum.

  1. A Muslim
  2. Attain puberty ( baligh )
  3. Rational ( ‘aql )
  4. Capable to fast

Imam Ibnu Daqiq elaborated further that when it is stated Muslim, so non-Muslim are not wajib upon them to fast.It is also not wajib for children and crazy people ( lunatic ). As for women, they must be clean from haid.

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